1. Sow Colombia grows "Caturra", "Típica", "Barbón", "Tabí", "Castillo" and Regional "Castillo" varieties. For the sowing process, coffee growers carefully and delicately select the berries from the best coffee plants, and when the varieties that are resistant to the coffee rust, the seeds are found at Cofffee stores.
2. Seeder The seeder is the place where the coffee seeds are sown to germinate and later obtain the ¨chapolas¨ (seedlings). They are kept there for two months. Subsequently, they are taken to the nursery where they are individually planted in bags containing a mixture of soil and organic materials to nourish the plants for at least six months.
3. Nursery Once the best plants are selected from the seedbed, they are planted in the field to begin the 'productive phase'. Once planted, a system that allows growers to use the adequate agronomics and proper harvest techniques is implemented.
4. Sowing in the field After 6 months in the nursery, the coffee trees are planted in the ground. The productivity is determined by the conditions of the soil and climate of the coffee farm and is dependent upon the level of adaptation of the variety planted in the site. The number of plants per hectare and age of the plants are factors that directly affect productivity. Suitable and correct layout is a large part of the profitability of the crop as well as the sustainability of the coffee fields. Layout has direct impact on erosion: with it you can either speed up or slow down the process.
5. Plantations There is a point and time where each tree will reach its maximum production potential. Whether in tall or short poise varieties; with any plantation density; in plain sunlight or under the shadow of a tree; on free growth or with no tree topping; with single or multiple stems; there is a specific number or harvests in which the tree reaches it´s maximum production average per harvest length. This period includes the initial stage of vegetation growth. As a consequence, coffee farming requires periodic tree renovations after the trees have reached their full development.